Developing Working Memory

Working memory is a child’s ability to remember and use relevant information while in the midst of a task

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What You Need to Know

Working memory is the information children can hold in their minds that helps them complete a task or remember rules in the moment. Preschoolers are still in the beginning stages of developing their working memory skills, and it is often hard for them to keep a rule or instruction in mind. You can help them by having reasonable expectations for what you are asking them to do or remember, giving simple directions, and using visuals.

What It Looks Like

A quick glance at how you can help children develop their working memory

Use Visuals

Draw attention to how children can use strategies for keeping things in mind, like visuals and songs. These can help children remember what they are doing in the moment.

Use Memory Games

Incorporate games that allow children to practice their working memory by having to remember a movement that is associated with a sound or sign.

Provide Hints and Prompts

Provide hints, prompts, or ask questions to help children remember the rules of a game or the expectations of a situation.