Developing Working Memory
Working memory is a child’s ability to remember and use relevant information while in the midst of a task
What You Need to Know
Working memory is the information children can hold in their minds that helps them complete a task or remember rules in the moment. Preschoolers are still in the beginning stages of developing their working memory skills, and it is often hard for them to keep a rule or instruction in mind. You can help them by having reasonable expectations for what you are asking them to do or remember, giving simple directions, and using visuals.
What It Looks Like
A quick glance at how you can help preschoolers develop their working memory
Draw attention to how children can use strategies for keeping things in mind, like visuals and songs. These can help children remember what they are doing in the moment.
Use Memory Games
Incorporate games that allow children to practice their working memory by having to remember a movement that is associated with a sound or sign.
Provide Hints and Prompts
Provide hints, prompts, or ask questions to help children remember the rules of a game or the expectations of a situation.
SUPPORTING MEMORY THROUGH BOOKS
Chimpanzees for Tea
Written and illustrated by Jo Empson, this story is about a boy who goes shopping for his mother. But when he loses the grocery list, Vincent has a hard time remembering what he needs to buy!
Activity Cards for Preschool Classrooms
Part of the STREAMin3 curriculum, activity cards provide simple and fun ways you build children's working memory, while also fostering other critical skills, such as language, movement, and impulse control
Get Our Resource Guide
Includes questions and activities to guide your use of the videos, book suggestions, and activity cards featured for each of our core social-emotional skills